Article preview. A sociology essay that addresses how Robert Merton's Strain Theory fits into the functionalist theory. Joseph Dalton Friel. According to the theory, some crime may be linked to the presence of anger and frustration that is created by societal or personal strain. In particular, it is important to examine the main concepts that play an important role in these theories. Crime Theories: Several thinkers have put forth rational approaches as to why humans would go against their social norms to commit criminal offenses. An application of general strain theory to inmate misconduct. A combination of strain theory and subcultural theory The type of subculture an individual joins depends on existing subcultures (which form an IOS) There are three types of subculture: Criminal (working class areas/ organised petit crime), Conflict (less table populations), and Retreatist (e.g. The first strain theory = Functionalist Robert K. Merton (1938), who adapted Durkheim’s concept of anomie to explain deviance. General Strain theory (GST) is a part of the social structure theories of crime, which “fit the positivist mode in that they contend that these social forces push or influence people to commit crime” (Brown, Esbensen, & … GST attempted to merge the revised theory with prior strain theories, and it drew heavily on the stress, emotions and justice literatures. Can general strain theory be used to explain recidivism among registered sex offenders? For although structural strain is one way to explain why deviance occurs in the context of anomie, it is not the only way. Specifically, Cohen argued young males from the lower classes are at a disadvantage in competing in school because they lack the normal interaction, socialization, and discipline instituted by educated parents of the middle class. We contend that scholars who are critical of strain theory should not automatically discard Merton's anomie theory, because the perspective of anomie is compatible with several other theories of crime and delinquency. Among them one can distinguish Differential Association Theory introduced by Edwin Sutherland and Robert Merton’s Strain Theory. While the revised theory attracted some attention in and of itself, it was important largely because it laid the foundation for my general strain theory (GST) of crime and delinquency (Agnew 1992, 2007). In 1890, the famous German organic chemist, A. Baeyer, suggested that cyclopropane and cyclobutane derivatives are different from cyclopentane and cyclohexane, because their C—C—C angles cannot have the tetrahedral value of 109.5°. These strains involve the inability to achieve one’s goals (e.g., monetary or status goals), the loss of positive stimuli (e.g., the death of a friend, the loss of valued possessions), or the presentation of negative stimuli (e.g., verbal and physical abuse). Schultz argued that investment in education explains growth and Gary Becker gave us the Human Capital Theory. More specifically, racial differences in strains and stressful situations that … Citations: Farnworth, M., & Leiber, M. (2007). theory, and revisions of Messner and Rosenfield’s (1994, 2013) institutional-anomie theory developed general strain theory (1992). Pages 187-193 Download PDF. Although previous research on Agnew's (1992) general strain theory (GST) tends to yield significant effects of strain on negative emotions as well as deviance and crime, results tend to be mixed with regard to (1) the effects of negative emotions on deviance and crime and (2) conditioning factors that Agnew suggests affect the selection of coping strategies. 425). Strain theory was developed by Robert king Merton in 1957, which states that, social structure of society compel an individual to commit crime. Rent $1.50 1-week streaming period When an individual in a society cannot achieve culturally approved goal via culturally approved ways, it can be stressful for him and may leads to deviant behavior. Strain theory revisited: Economic goals, educational means, and delinquency. Strain theory is a sociological theory that tries to explain why people may be drawn to delinquency or crime. Strain theory examines the stress or frustration that is caused when common goals cannot be reached by all members of society. General Strain Theory and Race Research ... experience differences in certain types of strain: economic, family, education, criminal victimization, discrimination, and community (pp. The theory suggests that it is not individual choice that leads to criminal behaviour but external factors which leads to … In this unit you need to be able to outline and evaluate the following theories of crime and deviance: Functionalism (including Strain theory) Sub Cultural and Labelling Theory Marxism Social Action Theory Postmodernism Environmental New Criminology Realist For each theory you need to know: Key thinkers Key Ideas Internal and External criticisms links to other theories.… Thereafter, I critique Strain Theory from the angle of other classic sociological perspectives, such as conflict, feminist, and symbolic interactionist theories. This paper is aimed at discussing these frameworks. Researchers have applied Agnew’s general strain theory to explain stress in policing and its influence on police officers. Merton’s strain theory seems to make a lot of sense it does have some considerable criticisms. Theories such as the social control theory, strain theory, differential association theory, and neutralization theory can therefore be used for the purposes mentioned above. Incarcerated Parents’ Effect on Children’s Education and Mental Health Explained by Agnew’s Strain Theory Samantha Kassen Abstract The current study observes parental incarceration and its effect on children.