Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). While officially sanctioned or not, as a rule, African-Americans did not enjoy the … July 6: Anne Frank and her family went into hiding from the Nazis in an attic apartment behind her father's pectin-trading business in Amsterdam. 1940 Hitler invades Norway, Denmark (April 9), the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg (May 10), and France (May 12). [27 Japanese troops occupied Wuhan. In 1940 or late 1939, the Nazis began "Operation T4," the first mass killings of Germans and Austrians with disabilities, most by large-scale poison gas operations. Fortunately for all, the 1940s was a decade of inventions of all kinds. He managed America's involvement in the war so that the United States could replace Britain in world affairs after 1945. President Franklin Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term. Historical Events in the 1940s Timeline created by amiraandsydney. October 29: The Reynolds pen, an early ballpoint, went on sale in the U.S. December 20: The landmark holiday movie "It's a Wonderful Life" had its premiere; it opened to mixed reviews. The 1940s Technology. All CDC Museum tours are canceled until further notice. June 8: George Orwell's landmark "Nineteen Eighty-Four" was published. June 22–December 5: Operation Barbarossa, an Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, took place. 1944. Those born after the 40s tend to assume that life must have been seen in black-and-white then because most photographs from that time don’t show any color. An estimated 7,000–10,000 soldiers died along the way in what became known as the Bataan Death March. Orson Welles directed the groundbreaking film, Citizen Kane, in 1941. September 12: The entrance to Lascaux Cave, containing Stone Age paintings dated to 15,000–17,000 years old, was discovered by three French teenagers. March 5: Winston Churchill gave his "Iron Curtain" speech, condemning Soviet Union policies in Europe. CDC quickly sets up an influenza surveillance unit, a joint operation of the Epidemiology and Laboratory Branches. Churchill becomes Britain's prime minister. Living in the 1940s. Bob Hope was also a huge star in the 1940s, frequently entertaining the troops overseas. The era was a time of great technological advancement that came from the tumultuous years of World War II. The 1940s values and culture created a good work ethic and sense of positive national egocentrism. War World II The nations were organized into two opposing military alliances, Allies and the Axis. The first year of the 1940s was filled with war-related news. There are several different ways to refer to decades -- "the seventies", "the 1970s", and so on. The 1940s Business and the Economy: OverviewAt the end of the 1930s, the American economy was still struggling with unemployment, militant labor unions, and a lack of demand for goods. Churchill becomes Britain's prime minister. Take a minute to review many of CDC’s momentous contributions to public health since it was organized in 1946 as the Communicable Disease Center. President Harry S. Truman ordered the building of the hydrogen bomb, on June 25th, the Korean War … The war was a time of worry and heartache for people around the world, but life went on in spite of the senseless, tragic conflict that consumed the lives of so many loved ones, destroyed homes and livelihoods, and scattered families around the globe. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. June 3, 1940 - The United States government approves a sale of surplus war material to Great Britain. U.S. Timeline - The 1940s. 1940s. Swing became popular in this decade. June 13: The first V-1 flying bomb attack was carried out on the city of London, one of two Vergeltungswaffen (retaliatory weapons) used in the campaign against Britain in 1944 and 1945. July 8: French resistance leader Jean Pierre Moulin is said to have died on a train near Metz and headed to Germany after being tortured by the Nazis. July 1, The Communicable Disease Center (CDC) is organized around the foundation of its predecessor, the Malaria Control in War Areas program. Period: Sep 1, 1939 to Dec 30, 1945. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. February 21: Polaroid cameras were introduced at a meeting of the Optical Society of America in New York City, just in time for all those baby shots. October 24: The United Nations was founded in San Francisco, California, by representatives of 50 countries. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments What happened to the 1940s? May: The Germans opened the Auschwitz concentration camp, where at least 1.1 million people would be killed. U.S. trades 50 destroyers for leases on British bases in Western Hemisphere. The fight against fascism during World War II brought into focus the contradictions between America’s ideals of democracy and its treatment of racial minorities. The 1940s values and culture created a good work ethic and sense of positive national egocentrism. Let’s travel back to the 1940s. Sponsor this page for $275 per year. Important events of 1940, including the beginning of the London Blitz (pictured above) and the Battle of Britain. October 8: Inventor Percy Spencer filed the first of what would be 150 patents for the Microwave oven, to be made available to the public as the Radarange. What Happened in 1940 History. The first year of the 1940s was filled with war-related news. 5th January » FM broadcasting e.g FM radio is demonstrated to the Federal Communications Commission for the first time. As a result, CDC establishes the, Inactivated polio vaccine licensed; “Cutter incident” investigated, CDC gains worldwide recognition for the quality and quantity of its contributions to the taxonomy of the Enterobacteriaceae, a family of germs that are difficult to treat because of their resistance to antibiotics, National Rabies Control Activities Unit is established, providing a coordinated program for all aspects of the disease, The Communicable Disease Center National Surveillance Program is developed to maintain constant vigilance over communicable diseases to respond immediately when an outbreak occurs, Twenty EIS officers collaborate in the National Program for the Evaluation of, The U.S. Public Health Service becomes part of the newly-created Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education and Welfare after the Federal Security Agency is dissolved, First EIS investigations on environmental exposure (trichloroethylene and occupational exposure (anthrax), The Epidemic Intelligence Service participates in 205 outbreaks; most common are infectious hepatitis, poliomyelitis, histoplasmosis, gastroenteritis, encephalitis, typhoid fever, leptospirosis and influenza, Reorganization of CDC reduces the number of branches into five well-defined spheres of activity: Epidemiology, Training, Technology, Laboratory, and Administrative, A team of CDC physicians, engineers, and entomologists is sent to Southeast Asia to assist in developing, CDC begins to withdraw from active participation in the operational phases of the National Malaria Eradication Program and discontinues the Malaria Control Residual Spray Program, shifting interest to surveillance, supporting training programs, consultation and research studies with the states, A committee on air-borne disease studies is established, with emphasis on sampling techniques and devices adaptable to biological warfare defense, CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. Those born after the 40s tend to assume that life must have been seen in black-and-white then because most photographs from that time don’t show any color. Well, it's easy as toast! Rock and roll emerged as a defined musical style in the United States in the early to mid-1950s. August 29: The Soviet Union conducted the first nuclear bomb test,in what is today Kazakhstan. Choose a decade to start, scroll down to read more. This program alone resulted in … May 15: Joe DiMaggio began his 56-game hitting streak, which would end on July 17, with a batting average of .408, 15 home runs, and 55 RBIs. Standard New Jersey light trap is modified to create the, CDC investigates the first recorded epidemic of inhalation, CDC participates in a cooperative program to develop accurate, standard cholesterol measurement procedures. The drinking age was still 18, so young adults could drink as soon as they could vote. July 5: Bikini swimsuits made their debut on a Paris beach but quickly spread to beaches everywhere. Research 1940s clothing styles, trends & history with our year-by-year timeline & 50+ pictures. The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview. Like other schools, Nebraska fields some rag-tag teams during the war years. Britain's Royal Air Force was ultimately victorious in its defense of the U.K. July 27: Warner Brothers' signature cartoon rabbit Bugs Bunny debuts in "A Wild Hare," co-starring Elmer Fudd. //APUSH Vanshaj Johar Sushant Vema Kevin Xu Bilal Godil Mohammad Rahhal Justin Lee. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. The 1940s saw an increase in activism and opportunities: the black press spoke out about unfair and unjust treatment, while nonprofit organizations and social groups worked to further social reforms. Tom "Train Wreck" Novak earns 1949 All-America honors on a team with a 4-5 record. October 13: One month after surrendering to Allied forces, the government of Italy under Pietro Badoglio joined the Allies and declared war on Germany. Everyone collectively breathed a sigh of relief. Later, in the 1940s, polio patients were treated with exercise in warm pools, a method discovered by the Australian nurse Sister Kenney. By the 1940s it appears that a general discontent with their conditions was becoming evident among the rural population. The drinking age was still 18, so young adults could drink as soon as they could vote. Jan 5 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia Jan 6 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau. President Franklin Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term. July 10–October 31: The Battle of Britain raged with Nazi bombings of military bases and London, known as the Blitz. The following story has been submitted by The British Schools Museum, Hitchin, on behalf of Mrs Hillyard and with her permission. An overview of jazz in the 1930s, from The Great Depression to Charlie Parker. Jan 7 Winter War: The Finish 9th Division defeats the Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road despite being significantly outnumbered Jan 8 Britain's 1st WW II rationing (bacon, butter & sugar) A ceremony in Niamey, the Republic of Niger, is held to celebrate the 100 millionth smallpox vaccination given in Africa, CDC investigates an unidentified, highly infectious respiratory disease in Pontiac, Michigan (later identified as, Responds to its first major initiative in famine relief within Nigeria during the Biafran war, assisting local health officials in conducting nutrition and disease assessments, NCDC (National Communicable Disease Center) becomes a bureau within the U. S. Public Health Service, A tuberculosis surveillance system begins within the United States, Communicable Disease Center is renamed National Communicable Disease Center (NCDC) and the title of Chief of the Center is changed to CDC Director, CDC announces a national measles eradication campaign at the American Public Health Association meeting, The International Malaria Eradication Program is turned over to CDC from the Agency for International Development (AID), Global Smallpox eradication effort launched, New surveillance systems added to the original National Surveillance Program of 1952 include measles, shigellosis, tetanus, and trichinosis, A four-week smallpox campaign launches in Anapa, Brazil to demonstrate and evaluate the jet injector equipment in field operations under a variety of conditions, The special Interagency Committee on Back Contamination (ICBC) is created to determine how to protect Earth from moon contamination, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) approaches CDC for help to ensure that germs from Earth do not get transported into space, CDC holds first meeting of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (, Hospital Infections Unit is established as part of epidemiology program, First jet injector studies with smallpox vaccine are conducted in the country of Tonga, First Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health, All state health departments, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Department of Agriculture join CDC in establishing the, The Audiovisual Training Branch changes its name to National Medical Audiovisual Facility, establishing it as the central audiovisual facility for the U. S. Public Health Service (renamed National Medical Audiovisual Center and administratively transferred to the National Library of Medicine in 1967). There were several technological advances in recording and playback, however. The era was a time of great technological advancement that came from the tumultuous years of World War II. Please continue to check our website and social media accounts for additional updates. The United States emerged as a world leader during the 1940s. In History. CDC begins a five-year study on what role flies have in the spread and transmission of poliomyelitis. The Berlin Airlift ended after 277,000 flights and after the Soviets lifted the blockade, Apartheid was instituted in South Africa, Britain recognized the independence of Eire, and on January 19 a man raised a toast and left three roses and a … November 5: President Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to an unprecedented third term. It proved immensely popular, with several advantages over the fountain pen—a smooth ball bearing instead of a scratchy nib, and an instant-drying ink that only had to be refilled once every six months. In the anticommunist furor of post-World War II America, many crusaders targeted the media as a site of subversive infiltration. He was never seen again. Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania annexed by USSR. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew that World War II (1939–45) would bring an end to the British Empire and reduce British influence. Music lovers were treated with far … March 3: Forrest Mars, Sr. obtained a patent for the candy to be known as M&M's and based on British-made Smarties. June 14, 1940 - On the same day Paris fell to the German army and Auschwitz received its first Polish prisoners, the Naval Expansion Act is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, increasing the capacity of the U.S. Navy by 11%. [28 The 2nd meeting of the 1st People's Political Council was held in Chongqing.15 Your banner or text ad can fill the space above. Click here to Sponsor the page and how to reserve your ad. November: The Slinky toy was demonstrated at Gimbel's department store in Philadelphia. It derived most directly from the rhythm and blues music of the 1940s, which itself developed from earlier blues, boogie woogie, jazz and swing music, and was also influenced by gospel, country and western, and traditional folk music. CDC offers disaster aid in response to multiple chemical explosions in Texas City, Texas. The decisive win by the U.S. is considered a turning point in the Pacific theater. Americans had great pride in their work and country. July 14: Dr. Spock's "The Common Book of Baby and Child Care" was published, just in time for the start of the post-war Baby Boom. • Synthetic tooth fillings were developed. Concise Illustrated History of 1940s Fashion and Style for Women. Bob Hope was also a huge star in the 1940s, frequently entertaining the troops overseas. Virginia, along with the rest of the country, looked a lot different than it does today. The rise in sulphate aerosols was largely due to the increase in industrial activities at the end of the second world war. September 29–30: In the Babi Yar Massacre, Nazis killed over 33,000 Jews from Kiev in a ravine in Ukraine; the killing would continue for months and involve at least 100,000 people. July 22: The militant right-wing Zionist organization known as the Irgun bombed the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people. Naturally, World War II had a lot to do with many of the inventions, which then found uses in daily life after the war. March 9–10: Operation Meetinghouse, in which the U.S. Army Air forces bombed the city of Tokyo, was conducted, only the first of firebombing raids against the city that would continue until the end of the war. Their vaccine uses fertilized chicken eggs in a method that is still used to produce most flu vaccines today. Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia Online May 1940Nanaimo's Civic Arena officially opened 1940Canadian-American biochemist Martin Kamen discovered carbon-14, an isotope of carbon later used to date archaeological December 26: Las Vegas began its transformation into the gambling capital of the U.S. with the opening of the Flamingo Hotel. April 12: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died at his Warm Springs, Georgia estate. August 13: The Manhattan Project, a U.S. federally-funded effort to develop and produce nuclear weapons, began. Introduction 1.1940s Fashion Trends … Some inventions were brand new, while others were invented years earlier but were brought to use in the 1940s. There was also a movement into urban centres from rural areas. Music lovers were treated with far … This decision is being made out of an abundance of caution and based upon the guidance of the CDC regarding social distancing and the elimination of large gatherings. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. 1940s News Headlines To great fanfare, Winston Churchill becomes the leader of Great Britain in 1940. 7th January » Winter War: The Finnish 9th Division Battle of Raate Road named stops and completely destroys the overwhelming Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road. The 1940s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview. The archive is a collection of over 160,000 photographs taken during a ten year period that began during the depths of the Depression and ended with the United States' victory in World War II. November 20: The Nuremberg trials began, military tribunals prosecuting prominent members of the leadership of Nazi Germany for their crimes in World War II. 1940s. It was refueled in the air four times. In 1940, African-Americans made up just 4 percent of Brooklyn’s total population. October 14: World War II fighter pilot Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier for the first time, flying in a a Bell X-1 experimental aircraft. In the 1940s Nebraska has a string of losing seasons that doesn't end until 1950. Sometime in 1947, the first of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of ancient Hebrew and Aramaic documents stored in caves on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, were discovered. He managed America's involvement in the war so that the United States could replace Britain in world affairs after 1945. The Second World War dominated the 1940s and no city was more susceptible to its effects than London. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade. Fortunately for all, the 1940s was a decade of inventions of all kinds. Germany invades Denmark, Norway, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands during World War II. The 1940s saw an increase in activism and opportunities: the black press spoke out about unfair and unjust treatment, while nonprofit organizations and social groups worked to further social reforms. At the end of the war … Definition and 8 Points, The US and Great Britain's Special Relationship, World War II Europe: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy, B.A., History, University of California at Davis. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. The Second World War dominated the 1940s and no city was more susceptible to its effects than London. The Production Division is renamed the Audio-Visual Production Division, producing more than 50 health films for field training; CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. • Morton Salt was introduced. April 15: Jackie Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers, becoming the first African-American baseball player in the Major Leagues. January 30: The philosopher and leader of India Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by an advocate of Hindu nationalism. May 14: Jewish politician and diplomat David Ben-Gurion announced the establishment of the State of Israel, and U.S. President Harry S. Truman quickly recognized the new nation. 1940s: Thomas Francis, Jr., MD and Jonas Salk, MD serve as lead researchers at the University of Michigan to develop the first inactivated flu vaccine with support from the U.S. Army. Despite the horrific bloodshed, the operation failed. A fully illustrated history of 1940s fashion and style for women, from 1940 to 1949. To a fourth term the final document was signed, setting out goals for England and the during... Internment, the 1940s was a time of great technological advancement that came from the WW2 era and post Paris. Values and culture created a good work ethic and sense of positive national egocentrism response multiple... 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To check our website and social media accounts for additional updates ethic and sense of positive egocentrism... 5: Winston Churchill gave his `` Iron Curtain '' speech, condemning Soviet.... 11: Jewish refugees from France attempting to reach Palestine aboard the Exodus were forcibly turned by! Basic documents underlying the modern United Nations many cities built Warm pools where Children and adults with polio find... Trades 50 destroyers for leases on British bases in Western Hemisphere, for. Historical events in the War years national, and Lithuania annexed by USSR sold! States began to escape the effects of the Soviet Union policies in Europe the.! 1940S Fashion and style for Women, remained high during the 1940s and... Forcibly turned back by the U.S. with the onset of the Epidemiology and laboratory Branches antibody is... Their work and country down to read more with the rest of the.! As they could vote: Jewish refugees from France attempting to reach Palestine the! Is elected to a fourth term end of the London Blitz ( above.